The Ultimate Guide To Coffee Types

Coffee shop

The coffee industry is eager to develop, and the menus in coffee places already offer the variety of coffee drinks. But how to understand which one to choose? After exploring healthy meals in our previous post we decided to turn to more delicious foods and beverages, like coffee. Look at this simple guide to decide the best proportion of flavors suitable for you!

What is similar?

The simplest coffee drink is espresso, of course. By being the base for different types of coffee, this “short black” can taste differently. To understand the cause of it, all you need to know is that producers use various types of coffee beans that change the flavor of a drink. Arabica occupies the majority of the world market, and its high quality is achieved through handpicking. The second type, Robusta, is cheaper and used for instant coffees mostly. All the other types are less popular.

What are the differences?

Title Extra espresso shot Water Portion of steamed milk Extras Container
Doppio + Espresso cup
Short Macchiato Dollop Short glass or espresso cup
Long Macchiato + Dollop Tumbler glass or cup
Ristretto Half Small cup
Long Black (Americano) + Cup
Café Latte For 1cm foam Tumbler glass
Cappuccino For 2-3cm foam Chocolate on top Cup
Flat White For no foam Cup
Piccolo Latte For micro-foam Espresso cup
Mochaccino (Mocha) For 2-3cm foam Chocolate powder Cup
Affogato + Vanilla ice-cream Tumbler glass
Vienna + Whipped cream Cup

Among the variations of coffee drinks, doppio is the simplest one. Only one extra shot of espresso – and the new drink is ready. The same refer to ristretto – but here, the missing ingredient from an espresso is a half amount of water. Useful to wake up after a short sleep, for sure! The only thing is to decide what you want – more coffee or less water. If you don’t like this kind of choice, you have a third option – more water! Call it a long black, or Americano. To make it authentically, fill a cup with 2/3 cup of hot water and add your espresso shot in it.

If you want to choose a coffee drink with more ingredients (rather than coffee and weter), try short macchiato. To make it, baristas add to an espresso a dollop of steamed milk by following the rule of thirds – one layer of espresso, the second one is for the mixture of espresso and milk, and a steamed milk on the top. The same comes for a long macchiato – one extra portion of espresso is what makes it longer.

Among the milk-based types of coffee, you can decide your drink based on the amount of foam you wish. For café latte, baristas use one shot of espresso and add steamed milk (three parts) to make only one cm of foam on top. As its variation, French caf au lait is made on a base of brewed coffee (not espresso) in a 1:1 ratio with milk. To enjoy more micro-foam, choose cappuccino – and get some sprinkled chocolate on the top of a drink as a bonus! Invented in Australia and New Zealand, flat white is very similar to cappuccino – the key difference is the absence of foam (and chocolate bonus) on it. In some countries, baristas use double espresso. In its turn, piccolo latte is a younger brother of café latte – made in a tiny glass or espresso cup and based on either espresso or ristretto. Also, it has a portion of steamed milk to make a small amount of micro-foam.


The last two types, mocha and affogato, have special recipes. On the one hand, mochaccino (or mocha) introduces the taste of hot chocolate in a coffee – baristas add a spoon of chocolate powder while preparing an espresso shot and make a cappuccino. Sometimes, syrups are used to deepen the sweetness of a drink – with chocolate or caramel flavor. On another hand, affogato is a dessert coffee – the feeling is as if you eat ice cream and drink espresso not separately but in a tumbler glass. For deeper coffee flavor, consider asking a double shot of espresso in your affogato. In some coffee places, you can try Vienna coffee – which has the same recipe as affogato, but with a whipped cream instead of ice cream.

So, isn’t it a perfect time for coffee right now? Hope you’ll enjoy your next coffee drink smarter than before after reading this!

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