5 Closest Stars to the Earth

night sky

Of course, the stars are quite far, and it is a heroic deed to claim that you can catch it and prove your love. Let’s see how high are your chances. Here is the list of 5 closest stars to Earth.

To start with, Alpha Centauri is a triple system that has the closest stars to Earth. In this complex, a Proxima Centauri star, which at 4.24 light years from us, is the best option for a romantic to pack it in a gift for a lover. Even though the rest are quite further, they are more familiar to us, because they are of the same type as our star, the Sun. Among them, Alpha Centauri A is a representative of the same spectral type G.

The second star closest to Earth is Barnard’s Star, in 5.96 light years. Interesting, it has the largest proper motion of any known stars. In other words, it is a cheetah in the world of stars – while the others remain in the background, it goes at a rate of 10.3 seconds of arc per Earth year.

Wolf 359 star is the next one, in 7.78 light years from us.  It is located in the constellation of Leo and is among the faintest and lowest-mass stars. It is relatively young and with the sudden increases in luminosity.

The fourth star is Lalande 21185, 8.29 light years of distance from Earth. As a part of the constellation of Ursa Major, this star the brightest red dwarf in the northern hemisphere. However, it is also too faint to be seen by an unaided eye – notwithstanding its proximity.

On the contrary, the fifth star is quite observable. Its name is Sirius and it is in 8.58 light years from Earth. As a non-typical star on this list, it consists of A and D stars – older and younger brother in terms of size. Brightly colored and great, we see them clearly. Sirius A is intrinsic bright and proximate star, while Sirius B, a white draft star, is smaller but with the heaviness almost greater than of our sun.

Even though all these stars are near, we don’t feel it – most of them closest are M-type red dwarf ones. As you see, closeness isn’t the most important for the star to be seen. The star that we see, Tau Ceti is the 19th star close to Earth because it is of the same type as the Sun. As other bright stars, including Centauri A and B, Sirius A, Epsilon Eridani, Procyon 61, Cygni A and B, and Epsilon Indi A, this star can be seen as by the naked human eye (notwithstanding how far they are).


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